• Olga Wildman

Interior Design Basics

Interior design is a profession in which creative and technical solutions are applied to a built interior environment to achieve functionality, enhance the quality of life, and aesthetic attractiveness.


The interior decorator changes style and quality of life with a home renovation, but does not deal with structural building codes, so the phrase should be: interior decorator/stylist.

A designer develops a home architecture and interior design that has a style and theme.


A style, or theme, is a consistent idea used throughout a room to create a feeling of completeness. These themes often follow the architectural period styles.

Styles are not to be confused with design concepts which involve a deeper understanding of the architectural context, the socio-cultural and programmatic requirements.

Examples of this styles are Greco-Roman, Gothic, Victorian and many more.


Roman architect Vitruvius formulated the principles that architects should use to design a building or Vitruvian Triad where “furmitas” (firmness) “utilitas”(convenience or utility) stands alongside “venustas”(beauty).


The two styles: Greek and Roman are often considered one body of classical architecture. The Romans absorbed Greek influence and developed new architectural solutions, such as the construction of arches and column orders:


Doric order

The Doric order of the Parthenon is the simplest of the orders.

It has faceted columns with 20 flutes, plain round capitals and no base.

The height is four to eight times of its diameter.


Ionic order

Has fluted pillars with a large base and two opposed volutes or scrolls.

The shaft comes with 24 flutes. It is eight diameters high.


Corinthian order

Has an ornate capital with two rows of acanthus leaves and four scrolls.

It is the most elegant of the three orders. The shaft has 24 flutes.

The column is ten diameters high.


The Romans adapted all the Greek orders and also developed two orders of their own:


Tuscan order

Has a plain shaft, a simple capital, base and frieze.

In proportions it is similar to the Doric. The column is normally seven diameters high.


Composite order

Is a combination of the Ionic volutes

and the leaves of the Corinthian order. The column is ten diameters high.




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